What are the types of injury sustained by bicycle and cycling accidents?
There are essentially five different categories of injury that can be sustained in an accident, and the severity of each will have an impact on the amount of compensation you could be awarded.
The UK may have some of the safest roads in Europe, but fatalities can still occur, and can have a devastating impact on loved ones.
Very serious injuries
Very serious injuries include the following and may have the potential to be either life-threatening or life-altering:
- Broken neck or back
- Severe head injury
- Severe chest injury
- Internal injuries
- Multiple severe injuries with loss of consciousness
Moderately serious injuries
When being reported by the police following an accident, 'moderately serious injuries' may be classed as 'very serious'. These too have the potential to be life-threatening or life-altering:
- Full or partial loss of arm or leg
- Fractured pelvis or upper leg
- A chest injury (excluding bruising)
- Deep penetrating wound
- Multiple severe injuries – whilst remaining conscious
Less serious injuries
While not as serious compared with the previous injuries, 'less serious injuries' are still reported by the police as a 'serious injury.' These may not result in an extended hospital stay, but you may still be eligible for bicycle accident compensation. The Reported Road Casualties in Great Britain reports these as being:
- Fractured lower leg, ankle or foot
- Fractured arm, collarbone or hand
- Deep cuts and/or lacerations
- Another head injury
Slight injuries are fairly common in any type of road traffic collision. Most slight injuries can be treated at the scene, without needing to go to hospital. These are classed as:
- Whiplash or neck pain
- Shallow cuts, lacerations or abrasions
- Sprains and strains
According to figures released from the Department of Transport, cyclists have the second highest casualty rate, and the third highest fatality rate for all road users.